Home Evacuation Drills

 Have an Exit Plan!
Develop a fire escape plan and conduct evacuation drills regularly (at least every 6 months).  When fire detection warning devices activate, there are less than four (4) minutes to escape.

Planning Your Evacuation:
1.      Prepare carefully, perform regular drills, and place fire detection warning devices in appropriate places. 
2.      Make a drawing or floor plan of the home showing possible exits. 
3.      Show 2 avenues of escape from every room.  If a window is high above the ground, you may need to buy a special fire escape ladder.  Make sure windows can open (no painted or nailed shut). 
4.      Develop methods of alerting family members:  smoke alarms, whistling, shouting and pounding on the walls.  Take special precautions for children and others requiring assistance. 
5.      Sleep with bedroom doors closed.  This will keep out deadly smoke, heat and gases, and increase available escape time. 
6.      Designate a safe meeting area after exiting the structure.  DO NOT go back into a burning dwelling! 
7.      Use a neighbor’s phone to call the fire department.  Know the phone number! 
8.      Exit drills should include primary escape routes and meetings in the designated safe area.  

Special Plans – Children, Elderly & Disabled

 Children:
1.      
Practice drills with adults. 
2.      Emphasize the danger of trying to hide from a fire.  Stress the importance of getting out fast, staying out, and getting out by themselves if possible. 
3.      Teach children how to use the phone and call emergency services. 
4.      Have infants/young children sleep in rooms next to parents or older siblings. 
5.      Teach “stop, drop and roll” and cover the face with hands if clothes catch fire. 

Elderly:
1.      
Arrange appropriate sleeping arrangements on ground floor if possible. 
2.      Install a smoke detector and telephone in or near their room. 

Disabled:
1.      
Learn visual signaling systems for hearing impaired persons. 
2.      Develop a whistling or shouting system for those visually impaired. 
3.      Have mentally impaired individuals sleep near someone who can assist them.  Frequently review your exit plans. 
4.      Design a special escape route for those who are physically handicapped.